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Drug-eluting balloons in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24976525     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: We compared efficacy of bare-metal stent (BMS) and drug-eluting balloon (DEB) combination vs BMS alone, in patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
METHODS: Patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) or unstable angina (UA) were randomized to BMS only or BMS+DEB group. Angiographic follow-up was performed after 6 months. The primary endpoints were binary in-stent restenosis (ISR) and late lumen loss (LLL) and the secondary endpoints were target lesion revascularization (TLR), stent thrombosis (ST), and new acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
RESULTS: A total of 85 patients were enrolled, 44 (BMS) and 41 (BMS+DEB). The median age was 67 (36-84) years and 68 (80%) were male. Fifty-two patients (61.2%) had NSTEMI and 33 patients (38.8%) UA. There was no difference in patient demographics, risk factors, and clinical characteristics, except for more smokers in the BMS+DEB group 18/41 (43.9%) vs 9/44 (20.5%). At follow-up, no significant difference in binary ISR was found; p=0.593, but LLL was significantly lower in the BMS+DEB group 0.68 (0.00-2.15) mm vs 0.22 (0.00-2.35) mm; p=0.002. The difference in major adverse cardiac events (MACE) rate combining TLR, ST, and ACS, between the groups was also non-significant, 29.5% (BMS) vs 24.4% (BMS+DEB); p=0.835. One patient had a subacute ST (BMS+DEB) due to clopidogrel resistance.
CONCLUSION: Patients treated with BMS+DEB combination for non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome had significantly less LLL in comparison to patients treated with BMS alone but without an impact on patient clinical outcomes.
Authors:
Kristina Maric Besic; Maja Strozzi; Eduard Margetic; Josko Bulum; Branko Kolaric
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1876-4738     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiol     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804703     Medline TA:  J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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