Document Detail

Drug and alcohol services in middle-income countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18382219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review summarizes current research in middle-income countries on drug and alcohol services for prevention, screening, treatment, care and rehabilitation between June 2006 and December 2007. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a dearth of scientific literature on prevention, treatment and rehabilitation in middle-income countries and no novel effective approaches reported during the review period. The Lancet Series on Global Mental Health showed only 0.7% of all papers reviewed were on low-income and middle-income countries. Several studies in these countries confirmed the effectiveness of brief interventions in treating alcohol use disorders at a primary care level. One study on alcohol screening in Brazil produced a promising screening tool. Other studies reported the availability of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments for alcohol and drug use disorders. Overall, poor accessibility to services and delayed onset of treatment persist. Political and cultural environments play a crucial role in providing services to fulfill treatment needs. SUMMARY: During the review period, reports from middle-income countries on alcohol and drug services were very limited. A few studies in some countries confirm the effectiveness of brief interventions in primary care settings. There is an obvious need for more research on alcohol and drug treatment services in middle-income countries.
Usaneya Perngparn; Sawitri Assanangkornchai; Catherine Pilley; Apinun Aramrattana
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in psychiatry     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0951-7367     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-02     Completed Date:  2008-07-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809880     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Drug Dependence Research Center, WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training in Drug Dependence, College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.
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MeSH Terms
Alcoholism / epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  rehabilitation
Brazil / epidemiology
Byelarus / epidemiology
Health Services Accessibility / statistics & numerical data
Lithuania / epidemiology
Mass Screening
Mental Health Services / utilization
Socioeconomic Factors
South Africa / epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  rehabilitation
Thailand / epidemiology

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