Document Detail


Drug abuse and stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23299821     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cerebrovascular disorders contribute to the morbidity and disability associated with illicit drug use. Drug abusers have an increased risk of both hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. In geographic areas with a high prevalence of illicit drug use, drug abuse is a frequent cause of stroke in the young adult. The illicit drugs more commonly associated with stroke are psychomotor stimulants, such as amphetamine and cocaine. Less commonly implicated are opioids and psychotomimetic drugs, including cannabis. Toxicology screening for illicit drugs should be done in young patients with stroke with no obvious cause, or if suggested by history or examination. Although in some patients the mechanism of stroke is identified using neuroimaging and other modern diagnostic tools, in a sizeable fraction of cases the mechanism of stroke remains unclear. Further studies are needed to elucidate the role of hemodynamic and immunologic mechanisms in these cases.
Authors:
Ana Catarina Fonseca; José M Ferro
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current neurology and neuroscience reports     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1534-6293     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100931790     Medline TA:  Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  325     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, Hospital de Santa Maria, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, University of Lisbon, Av. Prof. Egas Moniz, 1649-035, Lisbon, Portugal, catarinagfonseca@gmail.com.
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