Document Detail


Drug Loading of Polymeric Micelles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23135819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To gain mechanistic insights into drug loading and lyophilization of polymeric micelles. METHODS: PEGylated poly-4-(vinylpyridine) micelles were loaded with dexamethasone. Three different methods were applied and compared: O/W emulsion, direct dialysis, cosolvent evaporation. Micellar dispersions with the highest drug load were lyophilized with varying lyoprotectors: sucrose, trehalose, maltose, a polyvinylpyrrolidine derivative, and β-cyclodextrin derivatives. For comparison, other PEGylated block copolymer micelles (PEGylated polylactic acid, polylactic acid-co-glycolic acid, polycaprolactone) were freeze-dried. RESULTS: Drug loading via direct dialysis from acetone was a less effective loading method which led to dexamethasone loads <2% w/w. O/W emulsion technique from dichlormethane increased drug load up to ~13% w/w; optimized cosolvent evaporation increased load up to ~19% w/w. An important step for cosolvent evaporation was solubility screen of the drug prior to preparation. Loading was maintained upon lyophilization with β-cyclodextrins which proved to be versatile stabilizers for other block copolymer micelles. CONCLUSION: Careful solvent selection prior to cosolvent evaporation was a beneficial approach to load hydrophobic drugs into polymeric micelles. Moreover, β-cyclodextrins could be used as versatile lyoprotectors for these micelles.
Authors:
Tobias Miller; Gwenaelle van Colen; Bjoern Sander; Mariola Monika Golas; Senta Uezguen; Markus Weigandt; Achim Goepferich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmaceutical research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-904X     ISO Abbreviation:  Pharm. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406521     Medline TA:  Pharm Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Merck KGaA, Exploratory Pharmaceutical Development, Frankfurter Straße 250, 64293, Darmstadt, Germany.
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