Document Detail


Doxycycline interferes with quorum sensing-mediated virulence factors and biofilm formation in Gram-negative bacteria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23299903     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Inhibition of quorum sensing (QS)-regulated virulence factors including biofilm is a recognized anti-pathogenic drug target. The search for safe and effective anti-QS agents is expected to be useful to combat diseases caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria. In this study, effect of a commonly used antibiotic, doxycycline on QS was evaluated using sensor strains of Chromobacterium violaceum (ATCC 12472 and CVO26) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Sub-MICs of doxycycline reduced QS-controlled violacein production in C. violaceum to a significant degree (70 %) and showed a significant reduction of LasB elastase (67.2 %), pyocyanin (69.1 %), chitinase (69.8 %) and protease (65 %) production and swarming motility (74 %) in P. aeruginosa PAO1 over untreated controls. Similar results were also recorded against a clinical strain of P. aeruginosa (PAF-79). Interestingly, doxycycline at respective sub-MICs (4 and 32 μg ml(-1)) significantly reduced the biofilm-forming capability and exopolysaccharide production in both the strains of P. aeruginosa (PAO1 and PAF-79) over untreated controls. The results of this study highlight the multiple actions of doxycycline against QS-linked traits/virulence factors and its potential to attenuate virulence of P. aeruginosa.
Authors:
Fohad Mabood Husain; Iqbal Ahmad
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of microbiology & biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-0972     ISO Abbreviation:  World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9012472     Medline TA:  World J Microbiol Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, 202002, UP, India.
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