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Doxycycline ameliorates 2K-1C hypertension-induced vascular dysfunction in rats by attenuating oxidative stress and improving nitric oxide bioavailability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22327038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Vascular dysfunction associated with two-kidney, one-clip (2K-1C) hypertension may result from both altered matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity and higher concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Doxycycline is considering the most potent MMP inhibitor of tetracyclines and attenuates 2K-1C hypertension-induced high blood pressure and chronic vascular remodeling. Doxycycline might also act as a ROS scavenger and this may contribute to the amelioration of some cardiovascular diseases associated with increased concentrations of ROS. We hypothesized that in addition to its MMP inhibitory effect, doxycycline attenuates oxidative stress and improves nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability in 2K-1C hypertension, thus improving hypertension-induced arterial endothelial dysfunction. Sham operated or 2K-1C hypertensive rats were treated with doxycycline 30mg/kg/day (or vehicle). After 8weeks of treatment, aortic rings were isolated to assess endothelium dependent vasorelaxation to A23187. Arterial and systemic levels of ROS were respectively measured using dihydroethidine (DHE) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Neutrophils-derived ROS were tested in vitro using the fluoroprobe Carboxy-H(2)DCFDA and human neutrophils stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). NO levels were assessed in rat aortic endothelial cells by confocal microscopy. Aortic MMP activity was determined by in situ zymography. Doxycycline attenuated 2K-1C hypertension (169±17.3 versus 209±10.9mm Hg in hypertensive controls, p<0.05) and protected against hypertension-induced reduction in endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation to A23187 (p<0.05). Doxycycline also decreased hypertension-induced oxidative stress (p⩽0.05), higher MMP activity (p<0.01) and improved NO levels in aortic endothelial cells (p<0.01). Therefore, doxycycline ameliorates 2K-1C hypertension-induced endothelial dysfunction in aortas by inhibiting oxidative stress generation and improving NO bioavailability, in addition to its inhibitory effects on MMP activity.
Michele M Castro; Elen Rizzi; Carla S Ceron; Danielle A Guimaraes; Gerson J Rodrigues; Lusiane M Bendhack; Raquel F Gerlach; Jose Eduardo Tanus-Santos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nitric oxide : biology and chemistry / official journal of the Nitric Oxide Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1089-8611     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9709307     Medline TA:  Nitric Oxide     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Café, s/n, 14040-904 Ribeirao Preto, SP, Brazil.
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