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Downstream clinical implications of abnormal myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography based on appropriate use criteria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24136363     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Appropriate use criteria (AUC) for single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion images (SPECT-MPI) were developed to address the growth of cardiac imaging studies. However, these criteria have not been vigorously validated. We sought to determine the rate of abnormal stress SPECT-MPI studies and subsequent revascularization procedures as categorized by AUC.
METHODS: We retrospectively examined 280 patients who underwent stress SPECT-MPI and categorized these studies as appropriate, inappropriate, or uncertain based on AUC. Data regarding subsequent angiography and revascularization within 6 months after stress SPECT-MPI were collected from the electronic medical record.
RESULTS: 280 patients met the inclusion criteria (mean age 67.3 ± 11.4 years, 36 % female). When categorized by AUC, 62.9 % (N = 176) of stress SPECT-MPI were considered appropriate, 13.6 % (N = 38) uncertain, and 23.6 % (N = 66) inappropriate. Appropriate stress SPECT-MPI studies were more likely to have intermediate or high risk results than uncertain or inappropriate studies [40 % (N = 71) vs. 21 % (N = 8) and 18 % (N = 12), respectively; P = 0.008)]. Appropriate studies were associated with an increased rate of coronary angiography [14 % (N = 25)] compared to the uncertain (0 %) and inappropriate [3 % (N = 2)] studies (P = 0.003). There was also an increased rate of revascularization after appropriate studies [9 % (N = 16)] compared to the uncertain (0 %) and inappropriate (0 %) studies (P = 0.006).
CONCLUSIONS: Appropriate stress SPECT-MPI studies are more likely to result in abnormal results requiring subsequent revascularization compared to inappropriate and uncertain stress studies. Inappropriate and uncertain stress SPECT-MPI did not lead to subsequent revascularization.
Authors:
Farhan J Khawaja; Hayan Jouni; Todd D Miller; David O Hodge; Raymond J Gibbons
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-10-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6551     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nucl Cardiol     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-10-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423534     Medline TA:  J Nucl Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Center for Interventional Vascular Therapy, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.
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