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Downsizing pregnancy complications: a study of paired pregnancy outcomes before and after bariatric surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22301092     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity have been shown to be associated with increased adverse pregnancy outcomes. Weight reduction improves maternal health status and reduces the risk of pregnancy complications, as well as long-term consequences. Our objective was to compare the pregnancy outcomes of the same women who delivered before and after bariatric surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study comparing pregnancy outcomes, of the same women, delivered before and after a bariatric surgery was conducted. The observed deliveries occurred from 1988 to 2008 at Soroka University Medical Center, the sole tertiary hospital in the southern region of Israel. RESULTS: The present study included 288 paired pregnancies: 144 deliveries before and 144 after bariatric surgery. A significant reduction in the prepregnancy and predelivery maternal body mass index was noted after bariatric surgery (36.37 ± 5.2 versus 30.50 ± 5.4 kg/m(2), P < .001; and 40.15 ± 4.92 versus 34.41 ± 5.42 kg/m(2), P < .001; respectively). Only 8 patients (5.6%) were admitted during their pregnancy for bariatric complications. Pregnancy complications, such as hypertensive disorders (31.9% versus 16.6%; P = .004) and diabetes mellitus (20.8% versus 7.6%; P = .001), were significantly reduced after bariatric surgery. The rate of cesarean deliveries because of labor dystocia was significantly lower after bariatric surgery (5.6% versus 2.1%, P < .05). Using a multiple logistic regression model, controlling for maternal age, the reduction in hypertensive disorders (odds ratio .4, 95% confidence interval .2-.8) and diabetes mellitus (odds ratio .15, 95% confidence interval .1-.4) remained significant. CONCLUSION: A significant decrease in pregnancy complications, such as hypertensive disorders and diabetes mellitus, is achieved after bariatric surgery.
Authors:
Barak Aricha-Tamir; Adi Y Weintraub; Isaac Levi; Eyal Sheiner
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgery for obesity and related diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-7533     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101233161     Medline TA:  Surg Obes Relat Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er-Sheva, Israel.
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