Document Detail


Down-regulation of endogenous hydrogen sulfide pathway in pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary vascular structural remodeling induced by high pulmonary blood flow in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16247221     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms responsible for the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and pulmonary vascular structural remodeling induced by high pulmonary blood flow are not fully understood. The present study was designed to explore the possible changes in endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a novel gasotransmitter, on the pathogenesis of PH and pulmonary vascular structural remodeling induced by high pulmonary blood flow. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a shunting group (n=11) and control group (n=11). Rats in the shunting group underwent an abdominal aorta-inferior cava vein shunting operation. After 11 weeks of shunting, the plasma level of H2S and lung tissue H2S producing rate were much lower than those of the control group (p<0.01). In situ hybridization analysis showed that the expression of cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) mRNA was down-regulated in the pulmonary arteries of the shunting rats compared with the control group (p<0.01), and competitive quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction showed that the relative amount of CSEmRNA in lung tissue was decreased significantly (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The endogenous H2S pathway is down-regulated in PH and pulmonary vascular structural remodeling is induced by high pulmonary blood flow.
Authors:
Li Xiaohui; Du Junbao; Shi Lin; Li Jian; Tang Xiuying; Qi Jianguang; Wei Bing; Jin Hongfang; Tang Chaoshu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society     Volume:  69     ISSN:  1346-9843     ISO Abbreviation:  Circ. J.     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-25     Completed Date:  2006-03-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137683     Medline TA:  Circ J     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1418-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital and Key Laboratory of Molecular Cardiovascular Sciences, Ministry of Education, People's Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Flow Velocity
Down-Regulation*
Hydrogen Sulfide / metabolism*
Hypertension, Pulmonary / metabolism*,  pathology,  physiopathology
Lung / blood supply,  metabolism*,  pathology
Male
Pulmonary Artery / metabolism*,  pathology,  physiopathology
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7783-06-4/Hydrogen Sulfide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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