Document Detail

Double-subtraction maximum intensity projection MR angiography for detecting the artery of Adamkiewicz and differentiating it from the drainage vein.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17623876     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of double-subtraction magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) (subtraction of the subtracted venous phase image from the subtracted arterial dominant phase image) for depicting the artery of Adamkiewicz and differentiating it from the drainage vein. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 170 patients (123 men, 47 women; aged 17-84 years, mean = 67 years), with a thoracoabdominal vascular lesion underwent MRA for detection of the artery of Adamkiewicz. MRA was performed as a five-phase dynamic-enhanced three-dimensional (3D) fast spoiled gradient recalled acquisition in steady state (GRASS) sequence on a 1.5-T system, with double-dose bolus contrast and saline injection. The levels at which the artery of Adamkiewicz and drainage vein originated were determined. Signal intensities of the two vessels were measured with source images to assess the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and necessity of the double-subtraction technique. RESULTS: The artery of Adamkiewicz was detected in 140 patients (82.4%). Branching occurred at levels T8-T12 on the left and T8-T11 on the right. An additional anterior radiculomedullary artery was detected in 18 patients. The drainage vein was detected in 133 patients (78.2%). It merged at the T9-L2 level on both sides. In six of the 133 patients (4.5%), the drainage vein branched upwardly. Neither SNR nor CNR differed significantly between the artery of Adamkiewicz and the drainage vein in the arterial phase; but on the subtraction image, signal intensity of the artery was higher than that of the drainage vein (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Double-subtraction MRA is useful for detecting the artery of Adamkiewicz when it is necessary to differentiate it from the drainage vein.
Hideki Hyodoh; Ryuji Shirase; Hidenari Akiba; Mitsuharu Tamakawa; Kazusa Hyodoh; Naoya Yama; Takaharu Shonai; Masato Hareyama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1053-1807     ISO Abbreviation:  J Magn Reson Imaging     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-31     Completed Date:  2007-10-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105850     Medline TA:  J Magn Reson Imaging     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  359-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Department of Radiology, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Aneurysm, Dissecting / diagnosis,  pathology
Aortic Aneurysm / diagnosis,  pathology
Arteries / pathology*
Contrast Media / pharmacology
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Magnetic Resonance Angiography / methods*
Middle Aged
Subtraction Technique
Veins / pathology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contrast Media

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