Document Detail

Dose-response relationship of baroreflex sensitivity and heart rate variability to individually-tailored exercise training in patients with heart failure.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22078985     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Heart Rate Variability (HRV) and Baroreflex Sensitivity (BRS) are impaired in patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) and carry negative prognosis. Exercise training improves these parameters. However, the relationship between exercise training with HRV and BRS has been investigated without regard for individual training loads. We tested the hypothesis that in CHF patients changes in HRV and BRS are dose-response related to individual volume/intensity training load (TL). METHODS: Twenty patients with stable postinfarction CHF under optimal medical treatment were randomized to either aerobic continuous training (ACT) or aerobic interval training (AIT) for 12weeks. Individualized TL was monitored by the Training Impulses (TRIMP(i)) method, which was determined using the individual HR and lactate profiling determined during a treadmill test at baseline. HRV (standard deviation of mean R-R interval) and BRS were assessed at rest and 3weeks apart, throughout the study. RESULTS: HRV, BRS and R-R interval increased significantly with training, being very highly correlated to the dose of exercise with a second-order regression model (r(2) ranged from 0.75 to 0.96; P<0.001), resembling a bell-shaped in the ACT, and an asymptotic-shaped curve in the AIT groups, respectively. These changes were accompanied by a significant increase in functional capacity. No significant differences were detected between ACT and AIT in any variable. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that improvements in HRV and BRS by exercise training in CHF patients are dose related to TL in a non-linear fashion on an individual basis, with optimal results at moderate doses of exercise.
Ferdinando Iellamo; Vincenzo Manzi; Giuseppe Caminiti; Barbara Sposato; Michele Massaro; Anna Cerrito; Giuseppe Rosano; Maurizio Volterrani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico San Raffaele Pisana, Rome, Italy; Dipartimento di Medicina Interna, Università Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.
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