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Doppler velocimetry of the orbital vessels in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22729810     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hypertension is one of the most common clinical complications during pregnancy. Preeclampsia, in particular, still accounts for high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Hemodynamic studies have shown that general arteriolar vasoconstriction, which leads to hypoperfusion of target organs, including the eye area, remains the most significant pathological change in preeclampsia. Color Doppler imaging is the most appropriate and the commonly used method for the study of ocular circulation, especially during pregnancy. It enables the visualization and flow measurement of retrobulbar blood vessels. The aim of this review is to evaluate studies that investigated the role of Doppler velocimetry of the maternal orbital vessels, especially the ophthalmic artery, as a tool for the differential diagnosis of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, for the assessment of the degree and severity of preeclampsia, and for the prediction of these disturbances. The analysis of these studies indicates that the Doppler variables are accurate in the differential diagnosis of hypertensive disorders and in assessing the severity and progression of the preeclampsia and may also be useful markers in the treatment and management of pregnancy-induced hypertension. We found no study evaluating the role of orbital vessels Doppler variables in predicting preeclampsia or in the prognosis of maternal-fetal adverse events. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2012.
Authors:
Denise Silva Matias; Rigman Ferraz Costa; Bruno Silva Matias; Luis Cláudio Lemos Correia
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical ultrasound : JCU     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-0096     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401663     Medline TA:  J Clin Ultrasound     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Perinatology Institute of Bahia, School of Medicine and Public Health, Bahia Foundation for the Development of Sciences, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil; Perinatology Institute of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.
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