Document Detail


Doppler echocardiography can provide a comprehensive assessment of right ventricular afterload.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19880275     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate novel Doppler echocardiographic methods for a comprehensive assessment of right ventricular afterload, including pulmonary artery (PA) mean pressure (PAMP) and the PA pressure waveform. METHODS: The study comprised 109 patients who underwent right-heart catheterization simultaneously (group A, n = 31) with Doppler echocardiography on 35 occasions or nonsimultaneously (group B, n = 78) within 24 hours of Doppler echocardiography. Right ventricular afterload variables were obtained using pulsed Doppler in the PA and continuous Doppler of tricuspid regurgitation. The intervals from QRS to the opening and closing of the pulmonary valve and to the peak velocity of tricuspid regurgitation were measured. PA end-diastolic pressure, PA systolic pressure, and PA notch pressure were calculated. The Doppler-derived pressure curve was separated into 3 parts with fitted second-order curves. RESULTS: Catheter PAMP and Doppler PA systolic pressure in group A were strongly related (R = 0.85). The regression equation from group A (PAMP = 0.65 x Doppler PA systolic pressure - 1.2 mm Hg) was used to calculate PAMP in group B. There was no difference between catheter PAMP (mean, 39 +/- 18 mm Hg; range, 8-95 mm Hg) and Doppler PAMP (mean, 39 +/- 15 mm Hg; range, 12-83 mm Hg) (P = .85). The systolic areas under the curves for catheter and Doppler PAMP in group A were 20 +/- 4.7 and 20 +/- 4.0 mm Hg s, respectively (P = .52), and the diastolic areas were 21 +/- 5.7 and 22 +/- 6.3 mm Hg s, respectively (P = .21). CONCLUSION: A comprehensive assessment of right ventricular afterload that includes PAMP and the PA pressure waveform can be provided by Doppler echocardiography in patients with a wide range of PA pressures and different diagnoses.
Authors:
Odd Bech-Hanssen; Nedim Selimovic; Bengt Rundqvist; Jonas Wallentin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article     Date:  2009-10-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-30     Completed Date:  2010-02-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1360-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. odd.bech-hanssen@klinfys.gu.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Blood Pressure Determination / methods
Echocardiography, Doppler / methods*
Female
Heart Ventricles / ultrasonography*
Humans
Hypertension, Pulmonary / complications*,  ultrasonography*
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Male
Middle Aged
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Ventricular Dysfunction, Right / etiology*,  ultrasonography*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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