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Dopamine abnormalities in the neocortex of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21964255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Experiments were designed to evaluate different variables of the dopaminergic system in the temporal cortex of surgically treated patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) associated with mesial sclerosis (MTLE, n=12) or with cerebral tumor or lesion (n=8). In addition, we sought to identify dopaminergic abnormalities in those patients with epilepsy that had comorbid anxiety and depression. Specifically, we investigated changes in dopamine and its metabolites, D1 and D2 receptors, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and dopamine transporter. Results obtained from patients with epilepsy were compared with those found in experiments using autopsy material. The neocortex of patients with MTLE demonstrated high D1 expression (1680%, p<0.05) and binding (layers I-II, 31%, p<0.05; layers V-VI, 28%, p<0.05), and decreased D2 expression (77%, p<0.05). The neocortex of patients with TLE secondary to cerebral tumor or lesion showed high expression of D1 receptors (1100%, p<0.05), and D2-like induced activation of G proteins (layers I-I, 503%; layers III-IV, 557%; layers V-VI, 964%, p<0.05). Both epileptic groups presented elevated binding to the dopamine transporter and low tissue content of dopamine and its metabolites. Analysis revealed the following correlations: a) D1 receptor binding correlated negatively with seizure onset age and seizure frequency, and positively with duration of epilepsy; b) D2 receptor binding correlated positively with age of seizure onset and negatively with duration of epilepsy; c) dopamine transporter binding correlated positively with duration of epilepsy and frequency of seizures; d) D2-like induced activation of G proteins correlated positively with the age of patients. When compared with autopsies and patients with anxiety and depression, patients without neuropsychiatric disorders showed high D2-like induced activation of G proteins, an effect that correlated positively with age of patient and seizure onset age, and negatively with duration of epilepsy. The present study suggests that alterations of the dopaminergic system result from epileptic activity and could be involved in the physiopathology of TLE and the comorbid anxiety and depression.
Authors:
Luisa Rocha; Mario Alonso-Vanegas; Juana Villeda-Hernández; Mario Mújica; José Miguel Cisneros-Franco; Mario López-Gómez; Cecilia Zavala-Tecuapetla; Christian Lizette Frías-Soria; José Segovia-Vila; Anna Borsodi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurobiology of disease     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1095-953X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9500169     Medline TA:  Neurobiol Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Departamento de Farmacobiología, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados, Mexico.
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