Document Detail

Dog and cat exposures to hazardous substances reported to the Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory: 2009-2012.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23381600     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pet dogs and cats in the USA are commonly exposed to potentially hazardous substances found in domestic environments. Requests for assistance and advice received by the Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory regarding exposures in dogs and cats to substances perceived by their caretakers to be potentially harmful included 1,616 phone calls, over a 3-year period covering 2009-2012. Enquiries occurred more often during summer. Dogs were involved in 84.7 % of calls and cats in 15.3 %. Oral exposures were reported in 95.5 % of calls, dermal exposures in 3.7 % of calls, inhalation exposures in 0.6 % of calls, and parenteral exposures in 0.2 % of calls. Therapeutic drugs were the most frequently reported substances, accounting for 35.4 % of calls, followed by household chemicals (15.5 %); foods (14.8 %); pesticides (13.9 %); plants (12 %), industrial chemicals and fertilizers (3.6 %); cosmetics and personal care products (2.8 %); and animal, insect, and microorganism toxins (2.1 %). Although requests for information or assistance are not a measure of poisoning incidence, it can provide insight regarding relative exposure rates, help to identify changing exposure trends and emerging exposures, and reflect the public concern regarding actual or apparent harmful exposures in pets.
Ali Mahdi; Deon Van der Merwe
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical toxicology : official journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1937-6995     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Toxicol     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-20     Completed Date:  2013-12-17     Revised Date:  2014-06-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101284598     Medline TA:  J Med Toxicol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  207-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Oral
Environmental Exposure / adverse effects*
Government Programs
Hazardous Substances / administration & dosage,  toxicity*
Household Products / toxicity
Information Seeking Behavior
Poisoning / diagnosis,  therapy,  veterinary*
Prescription Drugs / administration & dosage,  poisoning
State Government
Toxicology / manpower
Veterinary Medicine / manpower
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hazardous Substances; 0/Prescription Drugs

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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