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Does the use of glycerin laxatives decrease feeding intolerance in preterm infants?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23115504     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Glycerin laxatives are often prescribed in the neonatal population for meconium evacuation and to promote enteral feeding. However, the literature regarding their effectiveness has not been systematically reviewed.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of glycerin enema or suppository in preventing feeding intolerance in preterm infants at ≤32 weeks' gestational age or weighing ≤1500 g at birth.
METHODS: The Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus and Web of Science databases were searched to identify studies that evaluated glycerin enemas/suppositories for feeding intolerance. Using the Evidence Evaluation Worksheet adapted from the American Heart Association's International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation, eligible studies were scored for quality, level of evidence and direction of support.
RESULTS: Two clinical studies that evaluated meconium evacuation and feeding intolerance were included. One study showed no difference in the time to complete meconium evacuation or establishment of full enteral feeds, while the other showed that the times to first meconium passage and full enteral feeding were significantly shorter, and the rate of sepsis was lower in the glycerin enema group.
CONCLUSION: The evidence regarding the effectiveness of glycerin laxatives for improving feeding tolerance is inconclusive in infants at ≤32 weeks' gestational age or weighing ≤1500 g at birth.
Authors:
Vibhuti Shah; Nevart Chirinian; Shoo Lee;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paediatrics & child health     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1918-1485     ISO Abbreviation:  Paediatr Child Health     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-01     Completed Date:  2013-02-07     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815960     Medline TA:  Paediatr Child Health     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e68-70     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics, Mount Sinai Hospital; ; Department of Paediatrics and Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto;
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