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Does ultrasonographic foetal head position prior to induction of labour predict the outcome of delivery?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22749783     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the capacity of pre-induction sonographic assessment of occipital position of the foetal head to predict the outcome of delivery, and to assess whether sonographic foetal head position before induction of labour is related to foetal presentation at delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was conducted in the Máxima Medical Centre, The Netherlands. We included consecutive women in whom labour was induced. Immediately prior to induction a transabdominal ultrasound was performed to determine the position of the foetal occiput. The primary outcome was mode of delivery. We recorded maternal demographics, labour and delivery characteristics, maternal and neonatal outcomes. The association between position of the foetal head before induction of labour and the occurrence of caesarean section was addressed using univariable and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: From the 50 of the 183 foetuses that started labour in occipitoposterior position, 11 persisted in occipitoposterior position until birth, whereas from the 120 foetuses that were in occipitoanterior position before induction, three children were born in an occipitoposterior position. Although we found a difference in caesarean section rate between OP position and OA position of the foetal head at sonography prior to induction, this was not statistically significant (14% versus 6.7%, OR 2.3, 95% CI 0.78-6.7). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that OP position prior to labour induction does not affect mode of delivery. Sonographic assessment of the position of the foetal head prior to labour induction should not be introduced in clinical practice.
Authors:
Corine J M Verhoeven; Leon G M Mulders; S Guid Oei; Ben Willem J Mol
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7654     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375672     Medline TA:  Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Máxima Medical Centre, Veldhoven, The Netherlands.
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