Document Detail

Does transportation mode modify associations between distance to food store, fruit and vegetable consumption, and BMI in low-income neighborhoods?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23193006     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: A consistent body of research has shown that the neighborhood food environment is associated with fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and obesity in deprived neighborhoods in the United States. However, these studies have often neglected to consider how transportation can moderate associations between food accessibility and diet-related outcomes.
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between distance to primary food store, fruit and vegetable consumption, and BMI and whether mode of transportation to the primary food store moderates this relation.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the baseline wave of the Philadelphia Neighborhood Food Environment Study were used. A telephone survey of adult (≥18 y of age) household primary food shoppers residing in 2 Philadelphia neighborhoods was conducted (n = 1440).
RESULTS: In a bivariate linear regression analysis, distance to primary food store did not predict F&V consumption (β = 0.04; 95% CI: -0.00, 0.09). Linear regression analysis stratified by transportation mode to the main F&V store showed no difference in F&V consumption between car, public, and multimodal transportation users. Compared with respondents using multimodal transportation, those using public transit had a significantly lower BMI (β = -1.31; 95% CI: -2.50, -0.10), whereas those using an automobile did not (β = -0.41; 95% CI: -1.36, 0.54).
CONCLUSIONS: The assumption that using an automobile to access food stores results in increased F&V consumption was not confirmed. Significant associations were found for the relation between transportation mode and BMI. Theory-based mechanisms explaining relationships between the primary transportation mode used to access food stores and BMI should be further explored.
Daniel Fuller; Steven Cummins; Stephen A Matthews
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-11-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  97     ISSN:  1938-3207     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-03     Completed Date:  2013-03-07     Revised Date:  2014-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  167-72     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Food Habits*
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Motor Activity
Multivariate Analysis
Poverty Areas*
Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data
Socioeconomic Factors
Grant Support
R21-ES014211/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R24 HD041025/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R25-HD41025/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; SRF-2010-03-05//Department of Health; //Canadian Institutes of Health Research

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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