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Does the severity of preoperative varus deformity influence postoperative alignment in both conventional and computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23108683     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The postoperative alignment was compared according to the severity of preoperative varus deformity in computer-assisted and conventional total knee arthroplasty (CAS-TKA). METHODS: The study reviewed 127 consecutive CAS-TKA and 236 conventional TKA, retrospectively. In CAS-TKA, 77 knees with a varus deformity ≤15.0° were classified in group CAS-A and 50 knees with a varus deformity >15.0° were classified in group CAS-B. In conventional groups, 204 knees with a varus deformity ≤15.0 were classified in group Conventional-A and 32 knees with a varus deformity >15.0° were classified in group Conventional-B. The postoperative mechanical axis (MA) was compared among groups CAS-A, CAS-B, Conventional-A and Conventional-B. RESULTS: The average postoperative MA was 0.7° varus in group CAS-A, 2.8° varus in group CAS-B, 1.1° varus in group Conventional-A and 3.2° varus in group Conventional-B (p < 0.001). The postoperative MA was within 3° in 81.8, 62.0, 58.8 and 37.5 % of group CAS-A, CAS-B, Conventional-A and Conventional-B, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The severity of preoperative varus deformity influences postoperative alignment despite using CAS. More careful correction of the alignment is required, especially in TKA performed on patients with a greater varus deformity. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.
Authors:
Dae Kyung Bae; Sang Jun Song; Dong Beom Heo; Dae Hyun Tak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7347     ISO Abbreviation:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314730     Medline TA:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyunghee-daero, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 130-702, Korea.
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