Document Detail

Does a routinely measured blood pressure in young adolescence accurately predict hypertension and total cardiovascular risk in young adulthood?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14597845     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: It is insufficiently known if routine blood pressure (BP) measurement by school doctors has added predictive value for later hypertension and cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether screening of BP in adolescence has additional predictive value to already routinely collected indicators of later hypertension and cardiovascular risk. METHODS: In the Dutch city of Utrecht, routine BPs and anthropometry were collected from school health records of 750 adolescents. In The Hague, standardized repeated BP measurements and anthropometry were available for 262 adolescents. Of both cohorts, 998 now young adults were recently re-examined. Predictors of adult hypertension, systolic blood pressure (SBP) > or = 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) > or = 90 mmHg) and 10-year cardiovascular risk were analysed by logistic regression and area under receiver operator characteristics curve (AUC). RESULTS: A total of 167 young adults had hypertension. Single adolescent SBP and DBP predicted hypertension: odds ratio (OR) 1.04 per mmHg [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.06], OR 1.02 (1.00-1.04), respectively, but with little discriminative power. Gender, adolescent body mass index (BMI) and age combined predicted hypertension: AUC 0.71 (0.67-0.75), which slightly improved by adding SBP: AUC 0.74 (0.70-0.77); difference in AUC 0.03 (0.002-0.06). SBP exclusively predicted hypertension within men: OR 1.03 (1.01-1.04), AUC: 0.59 (0.53-0.65), and within women: OR 1.08 (1.05-1.11), AUC 0.74 (0.67-0.82). However, an adolescent BP of > or = 120 mmHg did not efficiently detect hypertensive men, while it detected 57.9% of hypertensive women. Only young adult men had meaningful 10-year cardiovascular risks, which only SBP predicted: OR risk score > 95th percentile 1.04 (1.02-1.07), AUC 0.67 (0.60-0.75). CONCLUSION: A single routine BP measurement in adolescent girls efficiently predicts young adult hypertension. In adolescent boys, BP predicts young adult 10-year cardiovascular risk.
Lydia E Vos; Anath Oren; Michiel L Bots; Wim H M Gorissen; Diederick E Grobbee; Cuno S Uiterwaal
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2003 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-04     Completed Date:  2004-07-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2027-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Area Under Curve
Blood Pressure Determination*
Body Mass Index
Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
Diagnostic Tests, Routine
Hypertension / etiology*
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Predictive Value of Tests
Risk Assessment
Sex Characteristics
Comment In:
J Hypertens. 2003 Nov;21(11):2001-3   [PMID:  14597838 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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