Document Detail

Does perioperative dexamethasone affect voice-related quality of life after thyroidectomy?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24964771     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The objective of this study is to assess the impact of perioperative dexamethasone on post-thyroidectomy voice outcomes. This study is a retrospective review of prospectively collected data in a tertiary referral center. This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on adult patients undergoing total thyroidectomy. Exclusion criteria were: previous neck surgery, thyroid lobectomy, neck dissection or other procedure together with thyroidectomy, pathological findings on laryngeal examination, preoperative or postoperative steroid therapy, diabetes mellitus, pregnancy, and postoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy. In all patients, flexible laryngoscopy was performed and Voice Handicap Index (VHI) scores were obtained the day before, 48 h and 1 month after surgery. Patients' medical records were reviewed to find the patients who had received dexamethasone by the anesthesiologist as nausea and vomiting prophylaxis or analgesia. Thus, two groups of patients were formed: dexamethasone (D) group and non-steroid (NS) group. Mann-Whitney test used to compare VHI between the two groups. 122 patients fulfilled the criteria. D group consisted of 50 patients (44 females; mean age 53.16 ± 17.61), in which a single IV dose of 8 mg dexamethasone had been administered perioperative, and NS group consisted of 72 patients (58 females; mean age 50.53 ± 13.60), where no steroids had been administered. No significant difference was noticed between D and NS groups for preoperative VHI score, VHI scores 48 h and 1 month after surgery. In our study, a single perioperative IV dose of 8 mg dexamethasone did not seem to add any benefit on voice-related quality of life after thyroid surgery.
Vasileios A Lachanas; Sotirios Exarchos; Stergiani Tsiouvaka; Malamati Tsea; Jiannis K Hajiioannou; Charalampos E Skoulakis; John G Bizakis
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1434-4726     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9002937     Medline TA:  Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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