Document Detail

Does partial volume corrected maximum SUV based on count recovery coefficient in 3D-PET/CT correlate with clinical aggressiveness of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18250984     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: There is much controversy about the correlation between the degree of 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose (FDG) uptake and clinical aggressiveness of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). In this study, we investigated whether partial volume corrected FDG uptake based on count recovery coefficient in 3D-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) correlates with the clinical aggressiveness of NHL and improves diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: Forty-two patients with NHL underwent FDG-PET/CT scans (26 aggressive NHLs and 16 indolent ones). Count recovery curve was obtained using NEMA 2001 body phantom. Scan protocol and reconstructive parameters in the phantom study were the same as those in a clinical scan except for emission time. Relative recovery coefficient (RC) was calculated as RC = A/B (A, maximum pixel count of each hot sphere; B, maximum pixel count of greatest sphere). Partial volume corrected maximum count of standardized uptake value (PVC-SUV) was calculated as PVC-SUV = NC-SUV/RC (NC-SUV: non-corrected maximum count of SUV). Three parameters (NC-SUV, PVC-SUV, and size) between aggressive and indolent NHLs were compared. RESULTS: Significant differences were shown in all parameters between aggressive and indolent NHLs. Means +/- SD of NC-SUV, PVC-SUV, and size was as following: NC-SUV (15.3 +/- 6.9, 8.7 +/- 7.0; P < 0.01), PVC-SUV (18.2 +/- 8.1, 12.7 +/- 7.8; P < 0.05), and size (mm, 32.4 +/- 18.3, 21.9 +/- 10.3; P < 0.05). When an NC-SUV of 9.5 was the cutoff for aggressive NHL, the receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) analysis correctly identified 21 of 26 aggressive ones. Sensitivity and specificity were 81% each, and the positive and negative predictive values were 88% and 72%, respectively. When a PVCSUV of 11.2 was the cutoff, the ROC analysis revealed 81% sensitivity, 63% specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 78% and 67%, respectively. At a cutoff for aggressive NHL of a size of 27 mm, the ROC analysis revealed 50% sensitivity, 81% specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 81% and 50%, respectively. The comparison of area under the curve in ROC analyses indicated that NC-SUV showed the greatest diagnostic accuracy (NC-SUV 0.84, PVC-SUV 0.72, and size 0.69). CONCLUSIONS: Diagnostic accuracy of PVC-SUV was inferior to that of NC-SUV. These results suggest that NC-SUV, which contains information on both size and FDG density, provides better differentiation between aggressive and indolent NHLs than PVC-SUV.
Tetsuya Tsujikawa; Hideki Otsuka; Naomi Morita; Hiroshi Saegusa; Masato Kobayashi; Hidehiko Okazawa; Hiromu Nishitani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of nuclear medicine     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0914-7187     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Nucl Med     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-05     Completed Date:  2008-04-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8913398     Medline TA:  Ann Nucl Med     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  23-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Biomedical Imaging Research Center, University of Fukui, 23-3 Matsuoka-Shimoaizuki, Eiheiji-cho, Fukui, 910-1193, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Image Enhancement / methods*
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods*
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / classification,  diagnosis*
Middle Aged
Positron-Emission Tomography / methods*
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Statistics as Topic
Subtraction Technique
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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