Document Detail


Does overweight in infancy persist through the preschool years? An analysis of CDC Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System data.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12891867     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether overweight in infancy (0-11 months) and young childhood (12-35 months) persists through the preschool years. METHODS: Analysis of longitudinal surveillance data for 380 518 low-income children monitored in the U.S. Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System from birth to age 59 months. Overweight was defined as weight-for-height > or = 95th percentile. We determined the proportion of the children (overweight vs non-overweight) above or below the 95th percentile of weight-for-height at the later ages. RESULTS: The relative risk (RR) for overweight among overweight infants (vs non-overweight infants) at 1, 2, 3 and 4 years old was 4.3, 3.5, 3.3, and 2.9, respectively. 62.5% of overweight 3-year-old was still overweight a year later, but only 4.1% non-overweight 3-year-old became overweight a year later (RR = 15.2). However, low birth weight children had the highest RR to remain overweight after they became overweight compared to normal and high birth weight children. CONCLUSIONS: Overweight during infancy persists through the preschool years. Tracking of overweight appears to become stronger as children get older and is more pronounced among low birth weight children than normal or high birth weight children. Monitoring preschoolers' height and weight status should be a strategy for preventing of obesity in adolescence and adulthood.
Authors:
Zuguo Mei; Laurence M Grummer-Strawn; Kelley S Scanlon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Sozial- und Präventivmedizin     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0303-8408     ISO Abbreviation:  Soz Praventivmed     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-01     Completed Date:  2003-11-04     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502479     Medline TA:  Soz Praventivmed     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  161-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Maternal and Child Nutrition Branch, Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, National Center for Chronic Disease, Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA. zmei@cdc.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Body Height
Body Weight
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Nutrition Surveys
Obesity / epidemiology*,  etiology,  prevention & control
Population Surveillance*
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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