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Does nuchal translucency thickness in the first trimester predict GDM onset during pregnancy?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21190419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background and Aims. This study was planned to evaluate whether increased nuchal translucency (NT) thickness in the first trimester of gestation can be related to onset of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy. Methods. From January 2006 to August 2008, a group of 678 singleton pregnancies who had developed GDM has been selected as a study group among a total of 3966 pregnant women who had undergone first trimester screening for aneuploidies at 11-14 weeks of gestation. A group of 420 single pregnant women with physiological pregnancy were enrolled as control group.  Both fetal structural and karyotype's anomalies were excluded in the two groups. NT was mesured by a Fetal Medicine Foundation certificated operator; GDM was diagnosed at 24-28 weeks of gestation following Carpenter and Coustan criteria.  In the analyses of continuos variables, study and control group were compared by Student's t-test and Anova test. Results. There was no significative difference (p = 0.585) between NT values in the study (mean = 1.56) and control group (mean = 1.54). Conclusions. NT thickness does not show a significative increase in those women who subsequently develop GDM. Therefore, NT assessment does not prove to be an useful ultrasound parameter for predicting GDM onset during pregnancy.
Authors:
Carlo Luchi; Martina Schifano; Chiara Nanini; Graziano Di Cianni; Cristina Lencioni; Andrea R Genazzani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-0766     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807913     Medline TA:  Gynecol Endocrinol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Reproductive Medicine and Child Development, Division of Gynecology and Obstetrics "P. Fioretti", University of Pisa, Italy.
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