Document Detail


Does meal ingestion enhance sensitivity of visceroperception assessment in irritable bowel syndrome?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22050206     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  Visceral hypersensitivity is frequently observed in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Previous studies have shown that administration of a meal can aggravate symptoms or increase visceroperception in IBS patients. We investigated whether meal ingestion could increase the sensitivity of the barostat procedure for the detection of visceral hypersensitivity in IBS patients. Methods  Seventy-one IBS patients and 30 healthy controls (HC) were included in the study. All subjects underwent a barostat procedure under fasted and postprandial conditions to measure visceroperception. Urge, discomfort, and pain were scored on a visual analog scale. Furthermore, percentages of hypersensitive IBS patients and HC were calculated and dynamic rectal compliance was assessed. Key Results  In IBS patients, urge, discomfort, and pain scores were significantly increased postprandially vs the fasted state. The HC showed increased scores for urge and pain only. Rectal dynamic compliance remained unaltered in both groups. Postprandial hypersensitivity percentages did not significantly differ vs the fasted state in IBS patients, nor in HC. Conclusions & Inferences  Postprandial barostat measurement enhances visceroperception in IBS but has no added value to detect visceral hypersensitivity in individual IBS patients.
Authors:
S Ludidi; J M Conchillo; D Keszthelyi; C J Koning; S A Vanhoutvin; P J Lindsey; A M Leufkens; J W Kruimel; D M Jonkers; A A Masclee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2982     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432572     Medline TA:  Neurogastroenterol Motil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology; Maastricht University Medical Center+, Maastricht, The Netherlands Department of Population Genetics, Genomics and Bioinformatics, Maastricht University Medical Center+, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
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