Document Detail

Does an increase in the Medicaid reimbursement rate improve nursing home quality?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11245368     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have documented poor nursing home quality over the last 3 decades. Previous research has questioned the effectiveness of Medicaid reimbursement policy in improving quality in the presence of certificate-of-need (CON) and construction moratoria regulation. This study evaluated how the Medicaid reimbursement rate may influence a home's decision to provide quality under CON and moratoria. METHODS: Linking national data from the On-Line Survey, Certification, and Reporting system, the Area Resource File, and aggregate reimbursement information, the author examined the effect of Medicaid reimbursement on a range of quality measures in the context of CON and moratoria. RESULTS: An increase in Medicaid reimbursement improved quality as measured by professional staffing, but there was not a statistically significant effect when quality was measured by nonprofessional staffing, various procedural measures, or regulatory deficiencies. However, this study did not support previous research showing a negative effect of Medicaid reimbursement on nursing home quality in the context of CON laws. DISCUSSION: This study supports recent trends suggesting that nursing home CON laws may be lessening in importance for the nursing home market. Nevertheless, further work is necessary to determine the quality returns to increased Medicaid reimbursement.
D C Grabowski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1079-5014     ISO Abbreviation:  J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-13     Completed Date:  2001-04-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9508483     Medline TA:  J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S84-93     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Health Services for the Aged / economics*,  standards*
Insurance, Health, Reimbursement / statistics & numerical data*
Medicaid / economics*
Nursing Homes / economics*,  standards*
Quality Assurance, Health Care / economics*
Rate Setting and Review / statistics & numerical data*
United States
Grant Support
T32 HS00084-01/HS/AHRQ HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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