Document Detail


Does exercise have an acute effect on desire to smoke, mood and withdrawal symptoms in abstaining adolescent smokers?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16359825     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that exercise acutely reduces desire to smoke and withdrawal symptoms among adult smokers; however, no study has examined these effects in younger smokers. This study investigated the impact of a short bout of moderate intensity exercise on desire to smoke, withdrawal symptoms and exercise-induced affect in temporarily abstinent adolescent smokers. METHODS: Thirty-seven low-active male and female smokers aged 16-19 years, abstained from smoking overnight and were assigned to either (i) 10 min of moderate intensity cycle ergometry (n=18) or (ii) a placebo control condition that involved very light intensity cycle ergometry (n=19). Measures of desire to smoke, the Mood and Physical Symptoms Scale (MPSS) and Subjective Exercise Experience Scale (SEES) were administered at baseline, 5 min during, 5 min after and 30 min after both conditions. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A significant interaction effect for group by time was recorded for psychological distress scores, when the baseline value was covaried. Follow-up tests indicated that the exercise group reported significantly higher PD scores than the placebo control during exercise, but not at any other time point. No other significant effects were found for any other variables. Unlike research involving adult populations, a short bout of moderate intensity exercise did not alter desire to smoke among abstaining adolescent smokers and may negatively impact affective responses during exercise.
Authors:
Emma S Everson; Amanda J Daley; Michael Ussher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study     Date:  2005-12-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-07     Completed Date:  2007-05-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1547-58     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, S10 2BP, UK. emma.s.everson@student.shu.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Affect*
Exercise / psychology*
Female
Humans
Male
Patient Compliance
Psychometrics
Smoking / prevention & control*,  psychology
Smoking Cessation / methods,  psychology*
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / psychology,  rehabilitation*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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