Document Detail


Does endothelin work as an intrarenal mechanism to alter pressure natriuresis in spontaneously hypertensive rats?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8021478     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To study the possible involvement of intrarenal endothelial dysfunction in the modulation of the pressure-natriuresis curve in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS: We examined the effect of endothelin on pressure natriuresis in isolated perfused kidneys from 16-week-old SHR and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Plasma and urinary endothelin levels in intact rats and the rate of endothelin release from isolated kidneys were also determined. RESULTS: Urinary sodium excretion by SHR kidneys was 60% less than by WKY rat kidneys at a given perfusion pressure. Endothelin-1 increased the renal vascular resistance dose-dependently and the change was comparable in SHR and WKY rats. A high perfusate concentration of endothelin-1 markedly reduced urinary sodium excretion, resulting in a significant rightwards shift of the pressure-natriuresis curve. However, endothelin-1 at concentrations below 0.1 nmol/l did not decrease urinary sodium excretion, despite its renal vasoconstrictory activity. In a different in vivo study, plasma endothelin-like immunoreactivity was similar in the two groups, as was the urinary endothelin excretion. However, the rate of endothelin release from isolated SHR kidneys was slightly greater than from WKY rat kidneys. CONCLUSION: Since the difference in endothelin levels is not remarkable, it seems unlikely that increased intrarenal production of endothelin plays a role in the maintenance of hypertension in SHR by modulating the pressure-natriuresis curve.
Authors:
Y Hirata; H Hayakawa; E Suzuki; M Omata
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Publication Detail:
Type:  In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  12     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  1994 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-07-29     Completed Date:  1994-07-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  251-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Second Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure / drug effects,  physiology*
Endothelins / pharmacology,  physiology*
Hypertension / etiology,  physiopathology*
Kidney / drug effects,  physiopathology*
Natriuresis / drug effects,  physiology*
Perfusion
Rats
Rats, Inbred SHR
Rats, Inbred WKY
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Endothelins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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