Document Detail

Does drug treatment of patients with acute bronchitis reduce additional care seeking? Evidence from the Practice Partner Research Network.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11115198     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Considerable discussion has focused on treatment methods for patients with acute bronchitis. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether antibiotic or bronchodilator treatment is associated with differences in follow-up visit rates for patients with acute bronchitis. METHODS: A retrospective medical chart review was conducted for patients with a new episode of acute bronchitis over a 3-year period in the Practice Partner Research Network (29,248 episodes in 24,753 patients). Primary outcomes of interest were another visit in the next 14 days (early follow-up) or 15 to 28 days after initial treatment (late follow-up). RESULTS: Antibiotics were used more commonly in younger patients (<18 years), whereas older patients (>65 years) were more likely to receive no treatment. Younger patients treated with antibiotics were less likely to return for an early follow-up visit, but no differences were seen in adults and older patients. Late follow-up rates were not affected by the initial treatment strategy. When patients did return for a follow-up visit, no new medication was prescribed to most (66% of younger patients and 78% of older adults). However, compared with patients who did not receive an antibiotic at their first visit, patients initially treated with an antibiotic were about 50% more likely to receive a new antibiotic at their second visit. CONCLUSIONS: Initial prescribing of an antibiotic reduces early follow-up for acute bronchitis in younger patients but seems to have no effect in adults. However, reductions in future follow-up visits might be outweighed by increases in antibiotic consumption because patients who return for a follow-up visit seem to receive additional antibiotic prescriptions. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:997-1001
W J Hueston; R Jenkins; A G Mainous
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of family medicine     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1063-3987     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Fam Med     Publication Date:    2000 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-08     Completed Date:  2001-01-18     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9300357     Medline TA:  Arch Fam Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  997-1001     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 295 Calhoun St, PO Box 250192, Charleston, SC 29425.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Bronchitis / drug therapy*
Bronchodilator Agents / therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Office Visits / utilization*
Retrospective Studies
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0/Bronchodilator Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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