Document Detail


Does depression generate negative life events?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9091595     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This prospective study investigated whether major depressive disorder can cause negative life events. One hundred and thirteen normal college men have been followed biennially from age 26 until age 62. Fourteen major negative life events were assessed retrospectively by a self-report checklist. A blind rater read each man's complete records over the 35 years and used the same checklist prospectively. The negative life events were divided into dependent and independent groups according to whether the men's own behavior could have played a role in causing the events. In comparison with the normal control group, depressed individuals had a higher density of dependent negative life events after their first episode of depression. This difference did not exist for the occurrence of independent negative life events. Independent negative life events tended to be related to help seeking behaviors rather than to depression. This study confirmed our hypothesis that affective spectrum disorder can generate self-induced negative life events, which may contribute to the chronicity of the disorder.
Authors:
X J Cui; G E Vaillant
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nervous and mental disease     Volume:  185     ISSN:  0022-3018     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-04     Completed Date:  1997-04-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375402     Medline TA:  J Nerv Ment Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  145-50     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Psychiatry, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Age Factors
Chronic Disease
Depressive Disorder / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  psychology
Family
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Life Change Events*
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Marriage
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory
Prospective Studies
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH 00364/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH 42248/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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