Document Detail


Does cigarette smoking affect the diagnostic reliability of hemoglobin alpha 2 delta 2 (HbA2)?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18348310     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Quantitation of hemoglobin alpha 2 delta 2 (HbA2) is a basic and confirmatory test in diagnosing the carrier state of beta-thalassemia. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of cigarette smoking on the diagnostic reliability of HbA2. A total of 2,867 (654 smokers and 2,213 never smokers) male subjects were involved in the present study. The subjects were categorized into three groups according to their laboratory findings: beta-thalassemia minor, iron deficient, and normal groups. Complete blood count (CBC) parameters and HbA2 levels were compared between smokers and never smokers of each group according to the independent-samples t-test using the SPSS program, significance results were reported at P<0.05. The results showed a significant increase in red blood cell (RBC) mass (RBC count and hematocrit [Hct]) and Hb concentration in smokers of all groups; however, no significant differences were reported in the HbA2 level between smokers and never smokers in all groups. It was concluded that cigarette smoking does not affect the diagnostic reliability of the HbA2 test.
Authors:
Issa S Tarazi; Mahmoud M Sirdah; Hesham El Jeadi; Rami M Al Haddad
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical laboratory analysis     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0887-8013     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Lab. Anal.     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-24     Completed Date:  2008-05-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801384     Medline TA:  J Clin Lab Anal     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  119-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(Copyright ) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Thalassaemia and Haemophilia Centre, Palestine Avenir Foundation, Gaza, Palestine.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood Cell Count
Carrier State / diagnosis
Case-Control Studies
Hemoglobin A2 / analysis*
Humans
Iron / deficiency
Male
Smoking* / adverse effects
beta-Thalassemia / diagnosis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7439-89-6/Iron; 9034-53-1/Hemoglobin A2

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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