Document Detail


Does body mass index impact the early outcome of surgical revascularization? A comparison between off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25063770     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of body mass index (BMI) on early outcomes after revascularization using either on-pump or off-pump surgery.
METHODS: Data for 3714 of 4314 patients who underwent surgical revascularization at our institution between 1999 and 2008 were analysed. Patients were divided into two groups [off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB); n = 1958 and on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB); n = 1756] and further assigned into five classes according to their BMI (underweight <20 kg/m(2), normal 20-24.99 kg/m(2), overweight 25-29.99 kg/m(2), obese 30-34.99 kg/m(2) and morbidly obese ≥35 kg/m(2)). Thirty-day mortality, occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), occurrence of major non-cardiac adverse events (MNCAEs) and length of in-hospital stay were analysed in relation to BMI only (whole cohort analysis), to BMI and chosen surgical method (ONCAB versus OPCAB) as well as confounding factors.
RESULTS: In the whole cohort analysis (n = 3714), no significant differences between BMI classes could be identified with regard to 30-day mortality (P = 0.78), MACEs (P = 0.72), MNCAEs (P = 0.45) or length of in-hospital stay (P = 0.94). With increasing BMI values, 30-day mortality tended to steadily increase (1.8% in BMI class 'underweight' vs 2.6% in BMI class 'morbidly obese'; P = 0.78), whereas MNCAEs tended to decrease with an increasing BMI (17.5% in BMI class 'underweight' vs 12.2% in BMI class 'morbidly obese'; P = 0.45). Compared with ONCAB, in patients with higher BMI values, OPCAB appeared to reduce slightly the frequency of 30-day mortality, MACEs and MNCAEs, while slightly increasing the length of in-hospital stay. Adjustment for other risk factors by covariate analysis in multiple regression models did not change the inferences drawn.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study did not detect significant differences between BMI classes with regard to mortality and morbidity. However, a slight trend towards a steadily increasing short-term mortality was detectable for patients with higher BMI values. When comparing ONCAB versus OPCAB, patients with higher BMI values appeared to have a weak tendency towards a reduced short-term morbidity and mortality in favour of OPCAB.
Authors:
Etem Caliskan; Sabine Güsewell; Burkhardt Seifert; Oliver M Theusinger; Christoph T Starck; Jovana Pavicevic; Diana Reser; Tomas Holubec; Andre Plass; Volkmar Falk; Maximilian Y Emmert
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1569-9285     ISO Abbreviation:  Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101158399     Medline TA:  Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
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