Document Detail


Does activated neutrophil depletion on bypass by leukocyte filtration reduce myocardial damage? A preliminary report.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10064358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An important factor in the production of myocardial damage following cardiopulmonary bypass in the creation of oxygen derived free radicals. Few sources for these radicals have been identified but experimentally activated neutrophils are known to release free radical which contribute to myocyte necrosis. The aim of this pilot study was to identify whether, by depleting patients of leukocytes and particularly neutrophils on bypass, a better degree of myocardial protection could be observed using specific identifiers of myocardial damage. Ten patients undergoing urgent coronary artery bypass for unstable angina with impaired left ventricular function were leuko-depleted using a PALL medical leukocyte filter in the extra corporeal circulation together with leukocyte depletion of all transfused blood. A similar group of matched controls had only an arterial line filter without leukodepletion. All patients were operated by one surgeon using identical techniques of intermittent cross clamping and fibrillation at moderate hypothermia. Full blood count, Glutathione, Troponin T and CPK/MB were measured before, during and at identified intervals up to 72 hour after bypass. Preliminary results show little change in the total leukocyte count but the Troponin T and CPK/MB values were lower in the filtered group than in the control group and an increased level of total Glutathione in the filter group showed that there was less oxidated stress on the myocardium. Currently this filter is an expensive addition to bypass surgery but these preliminary results suggest that activated neutrophil depletion on bypass may be of benefit to patients with unstable angina, impending myocardial necrosis and low ejection fraction.
Authors:
C Di Salvo; L L Louca; K Pattichis; J Hooper; R K Walesby
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0021-9509     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino)     Publication Date:  1996 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-03-24     Completed Date:  1999-03-24     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0066127     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino)     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-100     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Royal Hospitals, Department of Cardiac Surgery, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Angina, Unstable / surgery
Coronary Artery Bypass
Creatine Kinase / blood
Extracorporeal Circulation
Female
Filtration / instrumentation
Glutathione / blood
Humans
Isoenzymes
Leukapheresis
Leukocytes*
Male
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / blood,  diagnosis,  prevention & control*
Neutrophil Activation*
Neutrophils / physiology
Pilot Projects
Troponin T / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Isoenzymes; 0/Troponin T; 70-18-8/Glutathione; EC 2.7.3.2/Creatine Kinase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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