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Does Encouragement by Others Increase Rape Reporting? Findings from a National Sample of Women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25431519     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Our study explores the role of victims' consultation with others about whether or not to report their rape to police. Three groups were observed within this sample of 435 rape victims from a national telephone household probability sample of women: those who did not consult with anyone about reporting (n = 364), those who consulted with someone and were encouraged to report to police (n = 40), and those who consulted with someone and were not encouraged to report (n = 31). Descriptive analyses indicated that the encouraged group was more likely to report to police than either of the other two groups (which did not differ from each other). Because there were no differences between the two consulting groups on demographic or rape-related variables, they were combined in subsequent analyses. Consulting with others about whether to report, peri-traumatic fear of injury or death, assault perpetration by a stranger, and concerns about contracting a sexually transmitted disease were significant predictors of reporting to police after controlling for other significant predictors in a multivariate regression analysis. Implications of these findings are discussed, including the benefits and consequences of formal rape reporting for victims, and the role that disclosure recipients may have in assisting victims post-rape (e.g., encouragement of reporting, emotional support).
Authors:
Lisa A Paul; Heidi M Zinzow; Jenna L McCauley; Dean G Kilpatrick; Heidi S Resnick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychology of women quarterly     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0361-6843     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Women Q     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7613934     Medline TA:  Psychol Women Q     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  222-232     Citation Subset:  -    
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