Document Detail


Does coronary calcium score predict future cardiac function? Association of subclinical atherosclerosis with left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction at MR imaging in an elderly cohort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20713611     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To evaluate subclinical atherosclerosis measured by using coronary artery calcium (CAC) as a predictor of future left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function in asymptomatic elderly participants.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review boards of the University of Southern California and the Harbor University of California Los Angeles Research and Education Institute (where the South Bay Heart Watch study was initially conducted) approved this HIPAA-compliant study of 386 participants (mean age, 75.2 years) from among the original 1461 participants in the longitudinal South Bay Heart Watch prospective investigation of subclinical atherosclerosis. CAC at computed tomography was correlated with LV ejection fraction (LVEF), regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs), and peak filling rate (PFR) assessed a mean of 11.4 years ± 0.6 (standard deviation) later with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Analysis of variance and covariance testing was performed with the Wald test, testing for trends across the CAC groups. Covariates included age, level of total cholesterol, level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, use of lipid-lowering medication, and smoking status.
RESULTS: Mean LVEF was 60.3% ± 9.9, with 11 (2.8%) of 386 participants having an LVEF of less than 40%. Forty-six (11.9%) of 386 participants had RWMAs. Higher CAC scores were associated with slightly lower LVEF (P for trend = .04) and a greater percentage of participants with decreased PFR (P for trend = .47) and RWMAs (P for trend = .01). After age- and risk factor-adjustment, only RWMA (P = .05) was associated with higher CAC. RWMAs were associated with significantly (P < .001) lower mean LVEF and PFR. Nineteen (41%) of 46 participants with RWMAs had documented Q-wave myocardial infarction, and three (7%) underwent coronary revascularization. CAC scores of 100 or greater were associated with a 2.2-fold (95% confidence interval: 1.30, 3.75) increase in RWMA (P < .001).
CONCLUSION: Subclinical atherosclerosis assessed by using CAC is associated with an increased future likelihood of RWMA, as a marker of previous and possible subclinical coronary artery disease.
Authors:
Patrick M Colletti; Laurie D Dustin; Nathan D Wong; Jabi E Shriki; Miwa Kawakubo; Stanley P Azen; Robert C Detrano
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiology     Volume:  257     ISSN:  1527-1315     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiology     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-20     Completed Date:  2010-10-29     Revised Date:  2012-05-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401260     Medline TA:  Radiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  64-70     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, LAC+USC Medical Center GH 3566, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. colletti@usc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Analysis of Variance
Atherosclerosis / physiopathology*
Calcinosis / physiopathology*
Chi-Square Distribution
Diastole
Electrocardiography
Female
Humans
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
Longitudinal Studies
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
Male
Middle Aged
Predictive Value of Tests
Prospective Studies
Questionnaires
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Systole
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / physiopathology*
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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