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DOES 23-GAUGE SUTURELESS VITRECTOMY MODIFY THE RISK OF POSTOPERATIVE RETINAL DETACHMENT AFTER MACULAR SURGERY?: A Comparison with 20-Gauge Vitrectomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21394061     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE:: To compare the cumulative risk of retinal detachment (RD) after macular surgery with 23-gauge sutureless vitrectomy and with 20-gauge vitrectomy. METHODS:: A single-center retrospective comparative study was conducted, comparing eyes operated for epiretinal membrane, macular hole, vitreomacular traction, and internal limiting membrane peeling. The 23-gauge group included 349 eyes operated consecutively between June 2007 and December 2008. The 20-gauge group included 346 eyes operated between October 2003 and September 2007. RESULTS:: After a 6-month follow-up, the cumulative probability of RD was 1.1% in the 23-gauge group and 3.5% in the 20-gauge group (P = 0.04). With a median follow-up of 14 months (range, 6-30 months) in the 23-gauge group and 30 months (range, 6-72 months) in the 20-gauge group, the cumulative probability of RD was, respectively, 1.1% and 4.9% (P = 0.04; log-rank test). Overall, RD was observed in 7 of 96 cases after macular hole surgery (7.3%), in 11 of 478 cases after epiretinal membrane surgery (2.3%), and in 3 of 70 cases after vitreomacular traction surgery (4.3%) (P = 0.14; log-rank test). CONCLUSION:: After a short-term follow-up, a lower rate of postoperative RD was observed in the 23-gauge group. Sutureless 23-gauge vitrectomy appears safe when considering the risk of postoperative RD. Prospective and long-term studies are still needed to confirm these results.
Authors:
Jean-Francois Le Rouic; Frank Becquet; Didier Ducournau
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1539-2864     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309919     Medline TA:  Retina     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
From the Vitreoretinal Department, Sourdille Clinic, Nantes, France.
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