Document Detail

Docosahexaenoic acid: brain accretion and roles in neuroprotection after brain hypoxia and ischemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21178607     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With important effects on neuronal lipid composition, neurochemical signaling and cerebrovascular pathobiology, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, may emerge as a neuroprotective agent against cerebrovascular disease. This paper examines pathways for DHA accretion in brain and evidence for possible roles of DHA in prophylactic and therapeutic approaches for cerebrovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS: DHA is a major n-3 fatty acid in the mammalian central nervous system and enhances synaptic activities in neuronal cells. DHA can be obtained through diet or to a limited extent via conversion from its precursor, α-linolenic acid (α-LNA). DHA attenuates brain necrosis after hypoxic ischemic injury, principally by modulating membrane biophysical properties and maintaining integrity in functions between presynaptic and postsynaptic areas, resulting in better stabilizing intracellular ion balance in hypoxic-ischemic insult. Additionally, DHA alleviates brain apoptosis, by inducing antiapoptotic activities such as decreasing responses to reactive oxygen species, upregulating antiapoptotic protein expression, downregulating apoptotic protein expression, and maintaining mitochondrial integrity and function. SUMMARY: DHA in brain relates to a number of efficient delivery and accretion pathways. In animal models DHA renders neuroprotection after hypoxic-ischemic injury by regulating multiple molecular pathways and gene expression.
Korapat Mayurasakorn; Jill J Williams; Vadim S Ten; Richard J Deckelbaum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1535-3885     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9804399     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
aInstitute of Human Nutrition, USA bDepartment of Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York, New York, USA.
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