Document Detail


Dobutamine stress-induced ischemic right ventricular dysfunction and its relation to cardiac output in patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease with angina-like symptoms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16125482     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated markers of ischemic dysfunction and their relation to overall right ventricular (RV) performance during dobutamine stress echocardiography in patients who had coronary artery disease. Thirty-three patients (58 +/- 10 years old) who had 3-vessel coronary artery disease were compared with 17 age-matched controls (58 +/- 11 years old). RV long-axis amplitude (M mode), systolic and diastolic myocardial tissue Doppler velocities, and filling and ejection velocities were measured, and cardiac output (CO) was calculated at rest and during peak stress. There was no difference in RV size (inlet dimension <3.5 cm), RV systolic long-axis amplitude, systolic and diastolic velocities, peak early/late diastolic velocity ratio, and RV CO between patients and controls at rest. During stress, RV systolic long-axis amplitude increased in controls (from 24 +/- 6 to 30 +/- 5 mm) and CO increased significantly (from 4.9 +/- 1.2 to 12.5 +/- 2.1 L/min, p <0.001 for the 2 items). In contrast, RV amplitude did not change with stress in patients (from 24 +/- 5 to 22 +/- 6 mm, p = NS), and the stress-increment in CO was augmented (from 4.2 +/- 1.2 to 8.3 +/- 2.0 L/min, p <0.001 vs control stress increment). Failure to increase RV systolic amplitude >2 mm was 79% sensitive and 88% specific for detecting ischemic RV dysfunction, and there was a close correlation between stress-induced change in RV systolic amplitude and change in CO in patients (r = 0.56, p <0.001). Early diastolic velocity increased in controls (from 10.8 +/- 3.2 to 13.1 +/- 3.6 cm/s, p <0.01) but did not change in patients (from 11.5 +/- 3.7 to 11.3 +/- 4.8 cm/s, p = NS). RV shortening after ejection did not appear in any control subject but did develop in 8 of 33 patients, thus contributing to the decrease in RV peak early/late diastolic velocity ratio in patients (from 1.1 +/- 0.3 to 0.76 +/- 0.4, p <0.001) compared with that in controls (1.3 +/- 0.3 to 1.0 +/- 0.2, p <0.001). In conclusion, markers of RV dysfunction are not related to left ventricular wall motion score index or long-axis changes with stress.
Authors:
Christine A O'Sullivan; Alison Duncan; Caroline Daly; Wei Li; Paul Oldershaw; Michael Y Henein
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  96     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-29     Completed Date:  2005-10-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  622-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
The Cardiac Department, Royal Brompton Hospital and National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cardiac Output*
Cardiotonic Agents / diagnostic use*
Chest Pain / diagnosis*
Coronary Disease / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Dobutamine / diagnostic use*
Echocardiography, Doppler
Echocardiography, Stress*
Electrocardiography
Female
Heart Ventricles / physiopathology,  ultrasonography
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Ventricular Dysfunction, Right / diagnosis*,  physiopathology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cardiotonic Agents; 34368-04-2/Dobutamine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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