Document Detail

Dobutamine improves afterload-induced deterioration of mechanical efficiency toward maximal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1415768     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We studied the effect of increased afterload on the ratios of O2 consumption (VO2) to external work (EW), VO2 to the systolic pressure-volume area (PVA), and PVA to EW at control state and with dobutamine in the left ventricles of open-chest dogs. Left ventricular volume was measured with a volumetric conductance catheter and coronary flow with an electromagnetic flowmeter. Hexamethonium bromide and atropine sulfate were administered before changes in end-systolic pressure (Pes) with an infusion of nitroprusside or angiotensin II. Dobutamine enhanced ventricular end-systolic elastance by 100%. In the control, with increases in Pes, EW/VO2 remained unchanged, PVA/VO2 increased by 48%, and EW/PVA decreased by 26%. Dobutamine increased both EW/VO2 and EW/PVA at any given Pes but decreased PVA/VO2. During dobutamine, EW/VO2 increased significantly with increases in Pes. The ratio of measured EW/VO2 to the theoretically predicted maximal EW/VO2 value for a given end-diastolic volume and contractility was 0.83 at a Pes of 70 mmHg, and this ratio decreased by 33% with increases in Pes in the control. During dobutamine, measured EW/VO2 values were almost equal to each corresponding theoretical maximal value, and the average decrease in the ratio with increases in Pes was 7%. Thus the enhanced inotropic state by dobutamine can restore the afterload-induced deterioration of EW/VO2 toward the normal maximal level.
T Nozawa; O Wada; S Ishizaka; H Asanoi; M Fujita; S Sasayama
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  263     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1992 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-11-19     Completed Date:  1992-11-19     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H1201-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Blood Volume
Dobutamine / pharmacology*
Heart / drug effects*
Models, Cardiovascular
Myocardial Contraction / drug effects*
Oxygen Consumption*
Reg. No./Substance:

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