Document Detail

Do we need the nerve sparing radical prostatectomy techniques (intrafascial vs. interfascial) in men with erectile dysfunction? Results of a single-centre study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24752607     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: To report effect of different nerve sparing techniques (NS) during radical prostatectomy (RP) (intrafascial-RP vs. interfascial-RP) on post-RP incontinence outcomes (UI) in impotent/erectile dysfunction (ED) men.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 420 impotent/ED patients (International Index of Erectile Function-score <15) with organ-confined prostate cancer were treated with bilateral-NS [intrafascial-RP (239) or interfascial-RP (181)] in our institution. Intrafascial-RP was indicated for biopsy Gleason score ≤6 and PSA ≤10 ng/ml while interfascial-RP for Gleason score ≤7 and higher serum PSA. Seventy-seven patients with bilateral non-NS-RP were taken for comparison. No patient received pre-/postoperative radiation/hormonal therapy or had prostatic enlargement surgery. UI was assessed 3, 12 and 36 months postoperatively by third party. Continence was defined as no pads/day, safety 1 pad/day as separate group, 1-2 pads/day as "mild-incontinence" and >2 pads/day as "incontinence".
RESULTS: All groups had comparable perioperative criteria without significant preoperative morbidities. International Prostate Symptom Score showed severe symptoms in 5 % of patients without correlation to UI. UI-recovery increased until 36 months. Full continence was reported from 56 versus 62 and 53 % patients after intrafascial-RP versus interfascial-RP and wide excision at 3 months, respectively (p = 0.521). Corresponding figures at 12 months were 70 versus 61 versus 51 % (p = 0.114) and at 36 months 85 versus 75 versus 65 % (p = 0.135), respectively. After 12 and 36 months, there was tendency to better UI-results in advantage of NS-technique; best results were achieved in intrafascial-RP group. UI-recovery was age-dependant. Advantage was found in NS-group compared with non-NS-group in older patients (>70 years, p = 0.052).
CONCLUSIONS: Impotent/ED patients have higher chances of recovering full continence after NS-RP. NS should be planned independently of preoperative potencystatus whenever technically and oncologically feasible. Age and lower urinary symptoms are not restrictions. Current data should be considered in preoperative patient counselling.
Wael Y Khoder; Raphaela Waidelich; Michael Seitz; Armin J Becker; Alexander Buchner; Stefan Trittschler; Christian G Stief
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of urology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-8726     ISO Abbreviation:  World J Urol     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8307716     Medline TA:  World J Urol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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