Document Detail


Do the results of randomized clinical trials of cardiovascular drugs influence medical practice? The SAVE Investigators.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1535419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Medical practice patterns change in response to a variety of stimuli, one of which may be the publication of the results of randomized clinical trials. We assessed the temporal association between the publication of clinical trials on myocardial infarction and changes in treatment practices for this disorder. METHODS: We analyzed the use of aspirin before and after myocardial infarction and that of calcium antagonists after myocardial infarction in 2231 survivors of myocardial infarction enrolled in the Survival and Ventricular Enlargement (SAVE) study over a three-year period (from January 1987 through January 1990). The proportion of patients using these treatments was analyzed before and after the publication dates of three clinical trials: the Physicians' Health Study, published in January 1988, which supported the use of aspirin to prevent a first myocardial infarction; the Second International Study of Infarct Survival (ISIS-2), published in August 1988, which supported the use of aspirin after myocardial infarction; and the Multicenter Diltiazem Postinfarction Trial, published in August 1988, which reported a deleterious effect of diltiazem in some patients after myocardial infarction. RESULTS: The use of aspirin before myocardial infarction increased from 16.2 percent to 23.9 percent between January 1987 and January 1990 (P less than 0.001). Enrollment in the study after the publication of the Physicians' Health Study independently predicted aspirin use before myocardial infarction (odds ratio, 1.43; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.11 to 1.85). The use of aspirin after myocardial infarction increased from 38.8 percent to 71.9 percent (P less than 0.001) during the three-year study period. Enrollment in the study after the publication of ISIS-2 independently predicted the use of aspirin after myocardial infarction (odds ratio, 2.28; 95 percent confidence interval, 1.89 to 2.76). The use of calcium antagonists after myocardial infarction decreased from 57.1 percent to 33.1 percent (P less than 0.001) during the study period. Enrollment in the study after the publication of the Multicenter Diltiazem Postinfarction Trial independently predicted the use of calcium antagonists after myocardial infarction (odds ratio, 0.47; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.39 to 0.57). CONCLUSIONS: These observations suggest that randomized clinical trials have a measurable influence on medical practice patterns.
Authors:
G A Lamas; M A Pfeffer; P Hamm; J Wertheimer; J L Rouleau; E Braunwald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New England journal of medicine     Volume:  327     ISSN:  0028-4793     ISO Abbreviation:  N. Engl. J. Med.     Publication Date:  1992 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-07-30     Completed Date:  1992-07-30     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0255562     Medline TA:  N Engl J Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  241-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aspirin / therapeutic use
Calcium Channel Blockers / therapeutic use
Captopril / therapeutic use
Cardiomegaly / etiology
Cardiovascular Agents / therapeutic use*
Diltiazem / adverse effects
Drug Utilization / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / drug therapy*,  mortality
Physician's Practice Patterns*
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic*
Survival Rate
Time Factors
United States
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Channel Blockers; 0/Cardiovascular Agents; 42399-41-7/Diltiazem; 50-78-2/Aspirin; 62571-86-2/Captopril
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
N Engl J Med. 1992 Jul 23;327(4):273-4   [PMID:  1614470 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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