Document Detail

Do protective behavioral strategies moderate the relationship between negative urgency and alcohol-related outcomes among intercollegiate athletes?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22456255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effect of protective behavioral strategies on the relationship between negative urgency and alcohol outcomes.
METHOD: Participants were college students who endorsed participating in club/intramural or varsity athletics. The students (N = 234; 73.9% female) completed measures of negative urgency, protective behavioral strategies, alcohol use, and alcohol-related problems. Separate hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted for each subscale of the Protective Behavioral Strategies Scale to test for moderation.
RESULTS: Results indicated that protective behavioral strategies aimed at serious harm reduction moderated the relationship between negative urgency and alcohol use, whereas strategies aimed at avoiding excessive or rapid drinking moderated the relationship between negative urgency and alcohol-related problems. Strategies that involved planning drinking activities in advance did not moderate the relationship between negative urgency and alcohol outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: The current investigation provides further evidence for the role of protective behavioral strategies against known risk factors for alcohol use and related problems. Further, the paper suggests that type of strategy used matters when attempting to mitigate the relationship between negative urgency and alcohol outcomes. Limitations and future directions are discussed.
Cameron C Weaver; Matthew P Martens; Ashley E Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1938-4114     ISO Abbreviation:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-29     Completed Date:  2012-07-23     Revised Date:  2014-07-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101295847     Medline TA:  J Stud Alcohol Drugs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  498-503     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology,  psychology*
Alcohol-Related Disorders / epidemiology,  psychology*
Athletes / statistics & numerical data*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Harm Reduction
Regression Analysis
Risk Factors
Students / statistics & numerical data*
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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