Document Detail

Do parentese prosody and fathers' involvement in interacting facilitate social interaction in infants who later develop autism?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23650498     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Whether development of autism impacts the interactive process between an infant and his/her parents remains an unexplored issue.
METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using computational analysis taking into account synchronic behaviors and emotional prosody (parentese), we assessed the course of infants' responses to parents' type of speech in home movies from typically developing (TD) infants and infants who will subsequently develop autism aged less than 18 months. Our findings indicate: that parentese was significantly associated with infant responses to parental vocalizations involving orientation towards other people and with infant receptive behaviours; that parents of infants developing autism displayed more intense solicitations that were rich in parentese; that fathers of infants developing autism spoke to their infants more than fathers of TD infants; and that fathers' vocalizations were significantly associated with intersubjective responses and active behaviours in infants who subsequently developed autism.
CONCLUSION: The parents of infants who will later develop autism change their interactive pattern of behaviour by both increasing parentese and father's involvement in interacting with infants; both are significantly associated with infant's social responses. We stress the possible therapeutic implications of these findings and its implication for Dean Falk's theory regarding pre-linguistic evolution in early hominins.
David Cohen; Raquel S Cassel; Catherine Saint-Georges; Ammar Mahdhaoui; Marie-Christine Laznik; Fabio Apicella; Pietro Muratori; Sandra Maestro; Filippo Muratori; Mohamed Chetouani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2013-05-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-07     Completed Date:  2013-11-26     Revised Date:  2013-12-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e61402     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Autistic Disorder / psychology*
Child Development
Father-Child Relations*
Interpersonal Relations
Models, Biological
Mother-Child Relations
Speech Acoustics*
Video Recording

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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