Document Detail


Do not count on me to imagine how I act: behavior contradicts questionnaire responses in the assessment of finger counting habits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24515889     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The directionality of finger counting (i.e., from left to right or right to left) is supposed to compete with the orientation of the mental number line in determining number mental representations. Indeed, Western individuals who count on their fingers from right to left present a weaker SNARC effect than do individuals for whom the directionality of counting is the same as the mental number line. Observations of natural behavior should be the preferred methodology for classifying individuals according to their counting habits. Yet, to perform such classification, researchers usually rely on questionnaires or reports of imagined behaviors. However, we show in a series of three experiments that, on average, 26 % of a sample of adults reported the opposite behavior from the one they actually implemented spontaneously when tested with an original ecological task. In a fourth experiment, this new task proved reliable, using a test-retest method. These results suggest that future studies about counting habits could benefit from the use of more ecological and functional tasks, rather than depending on noncontextualized questionnaires.
Authors:
Annalisa Lucidi; Catherine Thevenot
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavior research methods     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1554-3528     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav Res Methods     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101244316     Medline TA:  Behav Res Methods     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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