Document Detail

Do the lungs contribute to propofol elimination in patients during orthotopic liver transplantation without veno-venous bypass?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17085334     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The clearance of propofol is very rapid, and its transformation takes place mainly in the liver. Some reports indicated extrahepatic clearance of the drug and that the lungs are the likely place where the process occurs. This study was undertaken to compare the plasma concentrations of propofol both in the pulmonary and radial arteries after constant infusion during the dissection, anhepatic and reperfusion phases of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) without veno-venous bypass, attempting to investigate extrahepatic clearance and to determine whether the human lungs take part in the elimination of propofol. METHODS: Fifteen patients undergoing OLT without veno-venous bypass were enrolled in the study, and propofol was infused via a forearm vein at a rate of 2 mg x kg-1 x h-1. Blood samples were simultaneously collected from pulmonary and radial arteries at the end of the first hepatic portal dissection (T0), at the clamping of the portal vein (T1), 30, and 60 minutes after the beginning of the anhepatic phase (T2, T3), and 30, 60, and 120 minutes after the unclamping of the new liver (T4, T5, T6). Plasma propofol concentrations were measured using a reversed-phase, high-performance liquid chromatographic method with fluorescence detection. RESULTS: The concentrations of plasma propofol in the pulmonary and radial arteries at T2 and T3 rose significantly compared with T0 and T1 (P<0.01) respectively. After reperfusion, the drug concentrations at T4, T5 and T6 decreased significantly compared with T2, T3 (P<0.01) respectively. There were no significant differences in plasma propofol concentrations between the pulmonary and radial arteries at any time points. CONCLUSIONS: Propofol is eliminated mainly by the liver, and also by extrahepatic organs. The lungs seem to be not a major site contributing to the extrahepatic metabolism of propofol in humans.
Yi-Zhong Chen; Sheng-Mei Zhu; Hui-Liang He; Jian-Hong Xu; Su-Qin Huang; Qing-Lian Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international : HBPD INT     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1499-3872     ISO Abbreviation:  HBPD INT     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-06     Completed Date:  2007-02-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101151457     Medline TA:  Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  511-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anesthesiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310003, China.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthetics, Intravenous / blood,  pharmacokinetics*
Liver Transplantation*
Lung / metabolism*
Middle Aged
Propofol / blood,  pharmacokinetics*
Pulmonary Artery
Radial Artery
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anesthetics, Intravenous; 2078-54-8/Propofol

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