Document Detail


Do interspecies correlation estimations increase the reliability of toxicity estimates for wildlife?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22483638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
For warm-blooded species, the hazardous dose of a chemical (HD50) is an upcoming and important characteristic in the assessment of toxic chemicals. Generally, experimental information is available for a limited number of warm-blooded species only, which causes statistical uncertainty. Furthermore, when small datasets contain an unrepresentative sample of species, they can cause systematic uncertainty in chemicals' hazardous doses. The number of species can be enlarged with interspecies correlation estimation (ICE) models, but these are uncertain themselves. The goal of this study is to quantify the possible gain in reliability of the HD50 values for warm-blooded wildlife species after enlargement of the sample size with ICE predictions. For 1137 chemicals, we compared systematic uncertainty and statistical uncertainty between HD50 values based on experimental data (HD50(Ex)) and on datasets combining experimental data and ICE predictions (HD50(Co)). HD50(Ex) values ranged between 1.0×10(-1) and 9.5×10(3)mgkg(wwt)(-1), and HD50(Co) values between 1.1×10(0) and 6.1×10(3)mgkg(wwt)(-1). For over 97 percent of the chemicals, HD50(Ex) values exceeded HD50(Co) values, with a systematic uncertainty (i.e. the ratio of HD50(Ex)/HD50(Co)) of typically 3.5. The limited availability of experimental toxicity data, predominantly for mammals, resulted in a systematic underestimation of the wildlife toxicity of a chemical. Statistical uncertainty factors (i.e. the ratio of the 95th/5th percentile) quantified the statistical uncertainty in the HD50 values. The statistical uncertainty factors ranged between 1.0×10(0) and 2.5×10(22) for the experimental dataset, and between 4.8×10(0) and 1.1×10(2) for the combined dataset. For all sample sizes, median statistical uncertainty factors were the largest for combined datasets. However, combining experimental toxicity data with ICE predictions makes it possible to reduce the upper limit of the range for statistical uncertainty factors. We conclude that, by combining experimental data with ICE model predictions, the validity of the HD50 value can be improved and high statistical uncertainty can be reduced, particularly in cases of limited toxicity data, i.e. data for mammals only or a sample size of n≤4.
Authors:
Laura Golsteijn; Harrie W M Hendriks; Rosalie van Zelm; Ad M J Ragas; Mark A J Huijbregts
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ecotoxicology and environmental safety     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2414     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805381     Medline TA:  Ecotoxicol Environ Saf     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Environmental Science, Radboud University, P.O. Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
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