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Do induced hypertension and hypotension affect stroke volume variation in man?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22495082     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in stroke volume variation (SVV) by both induced hypertension (pressor test) and hypotension (depressor test), and also by induced hypotensive anesthesia in patients with good cardiac function. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 31 ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients, aged 39-62 years, who were scheduled for elective surgery. INTERVENTIONS: We conducted three studies: a pressor test study, a depressor test study, and an induced hypotensive anesthesia study. In the pressor test, patients received a bolus of phenylephrine 0.001 mg/kg to increase systolic arterial pressure (SAP) by 30% to 40% compared with baseline. In the depressor test, patients received a bolus of nitroglycerine 0.005 mg/kg to decrease SAP by 30% to 40% compared with baseline. In the induced hypotensive anesthesia test, patients received intravenous (IV) nitroglycerine continuously until mean arterial pressure (MAP) was reduced to 60-70 mmHg. MEASUREMENTS: When arterial pressure reached the target pressure for each study type, SVV and other parameters were recorded. MAIN RESULTS: Induced hypertension (pressor test) decreased SVV, while induced hypotension (depressor test) and induced hypotensive anesthesia increased SVV. CONCLUSIONS: SVV does not misinterpret preload dependency assessment of patients receiving medications to increase or to lower blood pressure.
Authors:
Zen'ichiro Wajima; Toshiya Shiga; Kazuyuki Imanaga; Tetsuo Inoue
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4529     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8812166     Medline TA:  J Clin Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, Shioya Hospital, International University of Health and Welfare, Tochigi 329-2145, Japan; Department of Anesthesiology, International University of Health and Welfare Hospital, Tochigi 329-2763, Japan.
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