Document Detail

Do health visitors advise mothers about vitamin supplementation for their infants in line with government recommendations to help prevent rickets?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16756535     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of children are presenting with nutritional rickets. Rickets affects mainly dark-skinned infants being breastfed for prolonged periods without vitamin supplementation. The main aim of this study was to assess health visitors' (HV) knowledge of the government guidelines for vitamin supplementation for infants and children and the advice given to mothers. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to all HV in Brent, Harrow and Westminster Primary Care Trusts (PCT). Information received was collated and used to assess HV knowledge. RESULTS: A total of 98 (69%) questionnaires were returned from HV. Seventy-nine HV (81%) recommend vitamins for the breastfed infant at 6 months or younger, 18 of which would recommend at 1 month of age. Fifty-six HV (57%) recommend vitamins until 5 years of age. Seventy-nine HV correctly identified Asians to be at risk of developing rickets. However, only 28 and 16 HV, respectively, identified Black Africans and Black Caribbeans to be at risk. CONCLUSION: Rickets has become a national public health issue. The majority of HVs is advising vitamin supplements according to government guidelines for breastfeeding infants and the age to which children should continue vitamin supplements. However, ethnic minority groups are at increased risk of vitamin D deficiency. Consequently, greater awareness needs to be raised about the government guidelines for vitamin D supplementation for ethnic minorities to ensure all HVs are imparting consistent, correct advice to these families.
Shelley Cleghorn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Association     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0952-3871     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hum Nutr Diet     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-07     Completed Date:  2006-10-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904840     Medline TA:  J Hum Nutr Diet     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Dietetic Department, Central Middlesex Hospital, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Breast Feeding*
Child, Preschool
Dietary Supplements
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Personnel / psychology*
Infant, Newborn
Nutrition Policy
Public Health
Rickets / prevention & control*
Skin Pigmentation
Vitamin D / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
1406-16-2/Vitamin D

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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