Document Detail

Do film cuts facilitate the perceptual and cognitive organization of activity sequences?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10790977     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Film depictions of activities possess two kinds of structures--namely, the structural features of the depicted activities themselves and a formal structure defined by film cuts. The former structure is used by everyday observers for perceptually and cognitively unitizing the continuous flow of events into comprehensible entities. It seems conceivable that cuts can serve a similar unitizing purpose for film viewers. For each of two different activity sequences, two film versions were produced. Throughout each film version, cuts were placed either at breakpoints or at nonbreakpoints. In a 2 x 2 (activity sequence x film version) factorial design, 40 subjects segmented the film during viewing and recalled the film content after viewing in a detailed protocol. Segmentation behavior depended primarily on the occurrence of breakpoints and was largely unaffected by the occurrence of cuts. Cuts accompanying a breakpoint lead to more detailed recall protocols for these sections of the film.
S Schwan; B Garsoffky; F W Hesse
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Memory & cognition     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0090-502X     ISO Abbreviation:  Mem Cognit     Publication Date:  2000 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-06-26     Completed Date:  2000-06-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0357443     Medline TA:  Mem Cognit     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  214-23     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Applied Cognitive Science, German Institute for Research on Distance Education, University of Tübingen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Cognition / physiology*
Mental Recall
Motion Pictures as Topic*
Visual Perception / physiology*

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