Document Detail

Do fibromyalgia patients use active pain management strategies? A cohort study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23532255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the types of pain management strategies used by patients with fibromyalgia.
METHODS: A total of 158 patients with primary fibromyalgia attended a clinical visit to confirm the diagnosis. They completed 3 questionnaires: (i) a self-made questionnaire, (ii) Beck Depression Inventory IA (BDI IA), and (iii) Finnish version of Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire. The self-made questionnaire included questions about: intensity of current pain; general well-being; pain management strategies, including pain medications; efficacy of the pain management methods; current health problems other than fibromyalgia. The pain management strategies were subcategorized (e.g., physical exercise, massage and heat treatment). The strategies were also divided into active and passive types.
RESULTS: The most frequently reported pain management strategies were physical exercise (54%), physical therapy (32%) and cold treatment (27%). The use of active pain management strategies, BDI IA < 10 points and age were independent predictors of the reported pain management efficacy. Patients who used active pain management strategies reported better efficacy with the BDI IA score ≥ 10 points.
CONCLUSION: Active pain management strategies are most efficacious for fibromyalgia patients, regardless of the severity of fibromyalgia or optional comorbid depression.
Jarno Gauffin; Tiina Hankama; Pekka Hannonen; Hannu Kautiainen; Timo Pohjolainen; Maija Haanpää
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of rehabilitation medicine     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1651-2081     ISO Abbreviation:  J Rehabil Med     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-05-03     Completed Date:  2013-12-16     Revised Date:  2014-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088169     Medline TA:  J Rehabil Med     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  477-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Fibromyalgia / therapy*
Middle Aged
Pain Management
Pain Measurement
Physical Therapy Modalities

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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